DIVISION OF RESEARCH MANAGEMENT AND LEARNING RESOURCES

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CONTENTS View in PDF
EDITORIAL BOARDView in PDF
MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION INVITATIONView in PDF
ARTICLESDEVELOPING AGILITY AND RESILIENCE AMIDST COVID-19 OUTBREAK
Azlan Ab Rahman, Doria Abdullah
Page: 1-2

It is barely the end of the first quarter for 2020, yet everyone is in crisis mode. Many countries are still grappling with managing, containing, and minimising risks of vulnerable communities from contracting COVID-19, as well as the economic implications that came along with the global epidemic. Organisations are forced to adopt flexible work schemes that enable employees to work from home. Government agencies have issued travel advisories to the public, encouraging everyone to reduce non-essential cross-border travels. There are reports of panic buying among communities, triggered by misinformation and lack of understanding on current developments related to the epidemic



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IMPACT OF LIFE LONG LEARNING PROGRAMME ON COMPANY STRATEGIES: A QUALITATIVE STUDY
Noorhasyimah Ismail
Pages: 3-8

The study is to examine experiences amongst students whom enrolled in a lifelong learning programmes on the company strategies context. The lifelong learning programmes offered in the Malaysian higher educational institution in promoting the 4.0 industrial revolution (4IR). As a result, the impact on education settings to align between humans and technology is an important factor for the new possibilities. The paper explains the impact of the lifelong learning programmes offered in company strategies to implement 4IR. Semi- structured qualitative interviews were used from the selected Malaysian Public and Private Higher Educational Institutions. The data revealed the student experience of the lifelong learning programmes upon how real and virtual work implement in taking and to enrol in the programme. The findings of the study can be used as the basis for the company to implement significant strategies to increase the number of enrolments in the lifelong learning programmes. Besides, the study shared the influence factor of cultural setting and organizational culture to the significant findings. Thus, this is the main challenge faced by the company to implement the strategies in promoting the programmes. Suggestions on how the impact to be incorporated in the company strategies are also put forward.



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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEARNING ANALYTICS AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE
Syarifah Rabiyah Al Adawiah binti Syed Badrul Hisham, Madihah binti Mohd Fadhil
Page:9-13

The fast pace of big data analytics advancement make it necessary for any organization to coincide it with their management and measurement process. It has become essential for education sectors to analyze this for the development of both learning and academic activities [1].Shikha. A, 2014). Learning analytics (LA) is the measurement and analysis of collection of data with regards of learners and their context for making learning more effective. LA is much concern with improving learner’s success. This paper investigates the impact of learning analytics towards student’s performance. The focus group were students in Technology Management program at UTMSPACE, Kuala Lumpur, in cohort 2017/2018. Two research objective have been identified; (i) to find the level of LA understanding among academic staffs by using questionnaire and (ii) to investigate the use of learning analytics in predicting student performance by using secondary data; course assessment report (CAR) for subject Technology Management and Operation Management. Findings from this study show that (i) there is lower level of LA understanding among academic staffs and (ii) there are several consequences of using LA in predicting student’s performance.



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A BLENDED LEARNING MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY ACCESS AND TECHNICAL SELF-EFFICACY: MULTIPLE MEDIATOR EFFECTS ON STUDENT READINESS
Norazlina Mohd Yasin, Mohd Hanafi Ong
Pages: 14-18

Studies establish that the individual’ beliefs on their own capacity and attitude in blended learning practice, results in positive learning outcomes. This study examines how the personal factors affecting the success of e-learning system to improve better results. Structural equation models on data of 305 targeted respondents from the selected public university demonstrates online communication self-efficacy, attitude and online media as multiple mediators between the technology access and technical usage self- efficacy and leads to increased blended learning readiness among students. It appears that despite technological factors, students with high belief in their ability and attitude makes themselves prepared towards new way of learning as they gain expanded learning experience



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AN EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGY FOR NET GENERATION IN UTMSPACE
Aina Mardziah binti Ahmad Rifa’I, Noorhasyimah binti Ismail, Nurul Huda Baharuddin, Nawal binti Shaharuddin, Mohd Shafry Mohd Rahim, Sya Azmeela Syariff
Page: 19-24

Nowadays, the generation born between 1998 and above (net generation) are pursuing their studies in higher education, and UTMSPACE has offered this generation the opportunity to continue their education at diploma and matriculation level. This generation is digital natives and very sensitive to technology and communication, which gives advantages to this generation to assimilate with blended learning. In UTMSPACE, Blackboard is used as the platform to implement blended learning to engage the students in the teaching and learning process other than the traditional way. In this research, the respondents chosen are from the students of Foundation Programme UTM. Even though this generation prefers to use technology in their learning process, other external factors will affect their participation in blended learning. Most of the students agree that Blackboard is an excellent platform to manage and collect the materials for educational purposes by their instructors. In conclusion, the application of blended learning is a strategic method in synchronizing the teaching and learning process between the educators and net generation learners.



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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0 INTEGRATION IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION – READINESS CASE STUDY OF DIPLOMA IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PROGRAM
Mohd Sidek Abdul Razak, Anis Faizal Samsol, Ismail Hamdi
Page: 25-31

The effect of Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0) demands changes not only in technical education but also education in general. As such, profound changes are necessary in major aspects ranging from content delivery to the structure and management of the education providers. The aim of the research is to develop a preliminary model to assess the readiness of the engineering education setup in incorporating IR 4.0 agenda within the spheres of syllabus content, management and delivery of the engineering programmes for tertiary education in Malaysia. The research methodology approach include an investigation through a questionnaire survey of four identified dimensions including “Organisational Structure & Management”, “Teaching & Learning in Education 4.0”, “IR 4.0 Student’s Literacy” and “Technological Support & Availability”. Overall, within the defined dimensions, 16 constructs were assigned in order to assess the Engineering Education readiness in incorporating IR 4.0. A case study to assess the readiness model was conducted on a small mechanical engineering program setup running diploma program run by UTMSPACE. The preliminary initial findings indicate that the readiness model could be applicable with further enhancements in assessing the readiness of IR 4.0 in engineering education setup.



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DO ACADEMIC LEADERS REQUIRE SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES?
TRAINING NEEDS ANALYSIS OF UTM ACADEMIC LEADERS

Doria Abdulla, Sharifah Hafizah Syed Ariffin, Helen Tan Sui Hong, Hamdan Said, Mohd Izyan Zuhaili Zainudin
Page: 32-37

Much has been learnt from studies on academics, their personal qualities, values and their attitudes towards students, education and different aspects of academic work. However, existing literature has poorly documented about the training and development of academic leaders in higher education. The purpose of this paper is to report findings of an investigation pertaining to professional development and training needs of academic leaders in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. In particular, the study focuses on identifying general profile of an academic leader in UTM, competencies of the leader, as well as skills and knowledge required for them to carry out their duties. A quantitative approach was undertaken, whereby Saad Abdulrahman Alghmdi et al (2016)’s research instrument was adapted for the short-term study. Respondents provide their rating on a five-point Likert scale in five domains: personal capabilities, interpersonal capabilities, cognitive capabilities, perceived skills and knowledge possessed, and support required to function well. In general, respondents were confident with their capabilities as academic leaders. There are gaps in terms of training and development that can be provided in-house, or outsourced to training providers, who are able to collaborate with experts and industrial leaders to develop appropriate training modules for the academic leaders.



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DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE (MOOC) AS A BLENDED LEARNING APPROACH IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Husna Hafiza Razami, Roslina Ibrahim, Rozana Ismail, Erni Syuhada Mazwil Ishan
Page: 38-43

Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) is receiving a great deal of interests in recent years as a new paradigm of blended learning, flipped classroom, distance education and lifelong learning. Despite its popularity worldwide and well-recognized benefits, the major setback of MOOC as revealed by scholars is its high dropout rates. Hence, it is crucial for more studies to be done on MOOCs which are still lacking in the context of Malaysia and a blended learning approach. This research presents the process of developing MOOC as a blended learning tool in a higher education based on the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation) model and its evaluation through a questionnaire adapted from Computer System Usability Questionnaire (CSUQ). Initially, past literatures were reviewed to identify successful MOOC criteria and a sample of 73 target users were also analysed to ensure that the MOOC to be developed can fulfil their needs and attract them to use. Findings showed that all 21 students who used the developed MOOC were satisfied with it showing high mean score for most of the questionnaire items. They expressed that the MOOC was a useful one stop centre for learning resources that capable in making their learning easier.



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KECENDERUNGAN PEMILIHAN KURSUS KOKURIKULUM DAN PEMBELAJARAN SERVIS PELAJAR DIPLOMA DI UTM KUALA LUMPUR
Yusmady Md Junus, Abdul Qayyum Nazri, Nabilah Hanim Mohd Anuar, Noralvina Nazri, Rafiza Mohamed, Rosmiza Awang Noh
Page: 44-49

Tujuan kajian ini dijalankan adalah untuk mengenalpasti secara terperinci tentang kursus kokurikulum berteraskan pembelajaran servis (CSL) dan kecenderungan pemilihan kursus mengikut persepktif pelajar diploma di Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur (UTMKL). Kepentingan dalam berkokurikulum sangat penting dalam mengukuhkan sifat insaniah dalam diri seorang pelajar yang cemerlang. Kajian ini melibatkan 406 responden daripada 1,904 jumlah populasi pelajar diploma UTMKL. Data dikumpul melalui instrumen borang soal selidik yang diedarkan kepada pelajar diploma UTMKL. Analisis kajian mendapati terdapat pelbagai jenis kokurikulum dibahagikan mengikut empat (4) kluster masing-masing yang dikenal pasti bagi objektif pertama. Objektif kedua pula adalah mengenal pasti kecenderungan pelajar terhadap pilihan kursus CSL ini. Didapati bahawa kursus yang berteraskan kesukarelawan mencatatkan kecenderungan yang paling tinggi. Manakala skor kursus Memanah dari kluster sukan, rekreasi dan kebudayaan pula mencatatkan skor pelajar yang paling tinggi kecerungan pelajarnya. Kesimpulannya, walaupun jumlah respondan hanya 21.32% dari bilangan populasi yang memberikan maklumbalas kepada kajian ini, namun ia dapat memberikan indikator kepada kecenderungan pemilihan kursus CSL mengikut persektif pelajar diploma UTMKL. Hasil daripada kajian ini boleh digunapakai dalam membuat perancangan penawaran kursus CSL mengikut pilihan dan kehendak pelajar.



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GAMIFIED YOUR LEARNING IN THE CLASSROOM: DESIGNING AND DEVELOPING AN EDUCATIONAL GAME PROTOTYPE AS A FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT FOR DIPLOMA STUDENTS IN UTMSPACE MALAYSIA
Rozana Ismail, Rokiah Bahari, Noorazliza Sudar, Siti Zamilah Abd Hamid
Page: 50-56

Education is now heading towards Fourth Industrial Revolution. Most students and teachers opt to have many choices of online learning applicable and available on open online application. Equip with smart technology, Internet access and classroom facilities, students and teachers have their own awareness on the suitability and other choices of online learning and educational mobile game. This paper will cover the student’s insight on online learning in the classroom, designing the suitable educational game for classroom and developing the prototype. The initial investigation was done with students of Diploma Computer Science in UTMSPACE Kuala Lumpur, to get their perspectives of a good concept of technology and innovation towards fourth industrial revolution. This study present the results on student’s perception on other alternatives of current teaching and learning in a classroom with formative assessment done using online game, which enhance student’s motivation and immediate knowledge assessment. Next stage is to design and develop the mobile game using suitable technique. The design will be based on the fun elements as agreed by students during the preliminary investigation. The expected findings from this research will be an educational game prototype for Diploma UTMSPACE students.



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CONTENT View in PDF
EDITORIAL BOARD View in PDF
MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION INVITATION View in PDF
ARTICLES

QUALITY TEACHING AMONG LECTURERS AND METHODS OF IMPROVEMENT BASED ON INDUSTRAL EXPERIENCE
Rosmiza Awang Noh, Ahmad Tarmidzi, Kusnan, Mohamad Hazrafisz Maarif, Nabilah Hanim Mohd Anuar, Rafiza Mohamed, Yusmady Md. Junus

Pages: 1-11

The quality of graduates is one of the standards of measurement in meeting the demands of employers. However, the extent of our graduates’ employability to fulfil industrial demands does not rely solely on their theoretical skills, but their technical skills as well. Moreover, how the lessons were delivered by lecturers in universities may contribute to the quality of our graduates. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the need for industrial experience amongst lecturers in teaching and learning. As well as determining the best approach that will assist fellow academicians in the quality of their teaching. A total of 30 out of 121 UTMSPACE lecturers participated as respondents in this study. Data were collected from the questionnaires which were disseminated to lecturers from Centre for Diploma Studies (PPD) and Centre for Degree and Foundation (PPI) in UTMSPACE. Based on the analysis, three (3) categories were determined as required for the first objective, that is; the need for industrial experience amongst lecturers in teaching and learning. While the second objective is to determine the best approach that can assist our lecturers in improving the quality of their teachings. The result shows for the first objective, with the highest average mean score, Program Learning Outcome is the main criteria, which requires lecturers with industrial experience in their teaching and learning. While objective two, majority of respondents (lecturers) prefer to collaborate with industries as the best approach in improving the quality of their teaching and learning in order to produce graduates that are able to meet the need of their potential employers. In conclusion, even though only 24.77% participated in this study, they have provide sufficient data; an indicator on the need of industrial experience in teaching and learning, as well as determining the best approach that may assist lecturers in UTMSPACE on improving the quality of their teachings. The result of this study may be use in devising improvements according to the lecturer’s needs and wants

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SCHEDULING SYSTEM PROTOTYPE BASED ON THE ANALYSIS OF EXISTING SCHEDULING APPLICATIONS IN ACADEMIC INDUSTRY
Noor Asma Husain, Siti Musleha Ab Mutalib, Noor Hayati Mohd Zain, Norhidayah Mohd Noor Hussain, Mohd Khalid Mokhtar, Nurul Iman Nor Hisham

Page: 12-21

A scheduling system is developed based on individual or organisational preferences to create efficient and effective management for prioritising tasks, place, and time. Some scheduling systems will include a database for easy access and storage of large amounts of data. It is challenging to plan class schedules for academic programs due to redundant usage and different semesters in handling student programs and managing task weight for lecturers. Since the class schedule is still a complex issue, to execute administration tasks easier and more efficiently, a few elements must be considered to prepare a class schedule. Therefore, this study will compare and implement a standard process of scheduling framework for future practice in the academic industry and present a practical method for making a comparison based on the studies and the existing scheduling system. This paper discusses the elements that constitute a scheduling system: the objectives, the method used, the constraints faced, and the solution tools used to execute a scheduling system. A scheduling system that emphasises the importance of the elements could generate an optimal presentation of timetables and real-time updates that will help with data handling accuracy and cost-effective and efficient time management. Based on the findings and results, this paper presents a practical method of implementing a scheduling system, including its features, methods, and system design, and executes a robust and responsive scheduling system for e-Scheduler, a web application written in PHP with SQL Server as the database management system, to produce an automated scheduling system.

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REMOTE WORK AND JOB SATISFACTION ON EMPLOYEE’S PERFORMANCE DURING COVID-19 THE PANDEMIC
Yashini A/P Ganaseghran, Norazlina Mohd Yasin

Pages: 22-34

Due to this COVID-19 pandemic, remote work became a new norm to employees. This study aims to explore the relationship between remote work and the employee’s performance and to measure the relationship between the job satisfaction and employee’s performance. In this research, there two independent variables such as remote work and job satisfaction of employees during pandemic. Then, the dependent variable is employee’s performance during COVID-19 pandemic. The data was collected through a online survey. The samples of this study were remote workers from private and public sectors in Malaysia. A total of 200 questionnaires were gave it to the remote workers via the link of ‘Google Form’. The, data collection was analyzed by SPSS software. The research result found a positive correlation between remote work and employee’s performance. Next, the result also found a positive correlation between job satisfaction and employee’s performance. Other than that, the analysis indicates that, job satisfaction gives that highest influence factor towards employee’s performance.

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CONSUMER PERCEIVED RISK AND PERCEIVED BENEFITS ONLINE BUYING BEHAVIOUR
Syafiqah Mohammed Hidayat, Norazlina Mohd Yasin

Pages: 32-52

Due to the fact that the future of company is dependent on technology and digitisation, it is critical to investigate the elements that influence online purchasing behaviour. The purpose of this study was to determine if the primary concern of the consumer was with the risks or the advantages. The primary objective of this study is to quantify the link between perceived risk and reported advantages associated with online purchasing behaviour. The study gathered data from 213 respondents using a survey questionnaire. IBM SPSS Statistics 20.0 was used to conduct a quantitative analysis of the data collected. Multiple regression analysis reveals that benefits have a strong positive correlation with online purchasing behaviour. This research is valuable for e-commerce businesses and might be used to show online purchasing behaviours to students, as the future is built on a completely new digital environment.

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CONTENT View in PDF
EDITORIAL BOARD View in PDF
MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION INVITATION View in PDF
ARTICLES

BENEFITS OF CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES AMONGST STUDENTS

Nawal Binti Shaharuddin, ‘Aaishah Radziah Jamaludin, Siti Munira Jamil, Nur Liyana Zakaria,

Nurul Athma Mohd Shukry

 

Pages: 1-13

 

Co-curricular activities play an important role in developing soft skills and assist students towards success. Active participation in co-curricular activities has positive effects towards their success; let it be academic achievement, character, and skills development. These activities will help students to develop their essential skills, self-confidence and self-esteem. As well as students’ healthy personality development, improve in disciplinary, in calculating moral values, better social interaction and contribute efforts to the community while maintaining their academic performances. Through co-curricular activities, students will gain extra skills in life such as communication skills, critical thinking and problem-solving skills, team working skills, leadership skills and other skills which will help them in career prospects. The school and university seem like a logical and convenient platform for students to experience these skills through cocurricular activities. This paper discusses the benefits of students’ involvement in cocurricular activities in the aspects of leadership, personality development, teamwork, communication, and critical thinking.

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ESTABLISHING EFFECTIVE ADVISING PRACTICES AMONG UTM FOUNDATION LECTURERS

Aaishah Radziah Bt Jamaludin, Deepa a/p Alagappan, Wan ‘Atikah Bt Wan IbrisamFikry, Siti Zhafirah Bt Zainal, Fatin ShaqiraBt Abdul Hadi, Nawal Bt Shaharuddin, Nurul Izzati Bt Abd Rahman

Page: 14-28

Academic advising is one of the most important levels to pull within the university to positively impact student success. It provides perhaps the only opportunity for all students to develop a personal, consistent relationship with someone in the institution who cares about them. This paper aims to establish effective advising practices among UTM foundation lecturers. A structured questionnaire consisting of twenty-seven items was designed and distributed to the foundation lecturers. These twenty-seven items are characteristics/responsibilities that are most often cited in the literature as critical for ensuring effective academic advisory. The study found that 44.4% of the lecturers answered that they have conducted a mass meeting 1 – 2 times in a single semester and another 44.4% have conducted a mass meeting with their advisees 3 – 4 times in a semester. Students also reported to discuss on their drop in CGPA with their academic advisors on a regular basis. Almost half of the lecturers were ‘neutral’ on the effectiveness of online and face-to-face academic advising. Majority agreed that they addressed students’ personal problems; self-esteem / interpersonal skills / study skills; student values, beliefs, and attitudes during the academic advising sessions.

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SYNCHRONOUS AND ASYNCHRONOUS ONLINE DISTANCE LEARNING: PART TIME DIPLOMA IN ENGINEERING STUDENTS LEARNING PREFERENCES

Erni Ishan, Husna Hafiza R.Azmi, Michelle Zainab Baird, Nurul Alifah Jatarona, Salina Sadeli

Pages: 29-44

Over the years, UTMSPACE has been established for various forms of distance learning programmes that have helped realise the educational aspirations of students who could not attend the full-time mode of study. Distance learning refers to courses that are studied without the need to be physically present at the campus. Synchronous and asynchronous are two main types of distance learning. This paper highlights part-time engineering students’ preferences in online distance learning and evaluates those impacts in their virtual mode of classes. The synergy between quantitative and qualitative methods is applied in this research. To understand student opinions of synchronous and asynchronous online learning, questionnaires had been distributed. To support the survey data, the interview was conducted for three engineering courses by individual and focus groups. From the analysis, four factors emerged as contributing to part-time engineering students’ preferences regarding online distance learning: students’ access system to learning materials, strength and weakness aspects of online learning interaction, the nature of subjects, and students’ time management. The most crucial result of this study is that the participants seemed to be preferring a combination of synchronous and asynchronous learning methods, which is suitable for their positions as full-time employees.

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A REVIEW ON THE EFFECTS OF GREEN STRATEGY ON FIRMS’ ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE

Salina Sadeli, Mohd Zulkifli Mohd Yunus, Siti Zaleha Abdul Rasid, Erni Syuhada Mazwil Ishan

Pages: 45-51

Rapid growth in the economic sector in Malaysia gives a significant effect on the environment due to the increase in pollution, waste and rapid consumption of natural resources. With the emergence of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which were adopted by all United Nations member states in 2015, firms were urged to consider environmental issues in their business processes. Environmental Management Practices (EMP) then become a part of a sustainable approach to business strategy in addressing environmental issues and enhancing the firm’s environmental performance. Based on the Department of Standards Malaysia in September 2020, there were only 1,586 (0.1%) firms in Malaysia accredited with ISO 14001, which incorporates EMP. This figure reflects the low level of implementation among companies in Malaysia about the importance of a well-organized environmental management system as a part of their green strategy. The implementation of green strategy and the effects on firms’ environmental performance have been discussed among researchers. This paper was intended to review the findings related to the topic based on previous research articles. The reviews will add to a growing body of literature and will help firms’ management decision-making process in order to implement a green strategy for their products or services.

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GREEN CAMPUS AWARENESS AMONG DIPLOMA STUDENTS IN UTM KUALA LUMPUR: PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

Salina Sadeli, Rozana Ismail, Erni Syuhada Mazwil Ishan, Siti Zamilah Abd Hamed, Madiha Md Fadil, Rokiah Bahari

Pages: 52-57

Towards the end of 2014, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia has made its fourth entry into the UI World Universities Ranking Base on Green Metric – an international ranking system of universities from around the world based on their environmental performance. The UI Green Metric World University Ranking measures the university’s effort to keep the environment green and sustainable, and the ranking purpose and intended groups. The motivation spread among the UTMSPACE community needs to be enhanced in order to create a balanced understanding of the campus sustainability highlighted by UTM. Apart from that, it is important to determine the level of green awareness among the UTMSPACE community and find effective green approaches in order to increase green awareness in the campus community. Therefore, a preliminary investigation was done among Diploma students from the Centre for Diploma Studies, SPACE UTM Kuala Lumpur. From 132 students, only 43 (32.6%) have participated in the green awareness campaign and 57 (43.2%) of them agree that green awareness implementation in UTMKL Campus is at a moderate level. The survey also includes suggestions for increasing green awareness through social media campaigns, encouraging the younger generation through education through video, games, and competitions, and developing a mobile app for green reward points.

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DEVELOPMENT OF MECHYAR APPS FOR LEARNING MECHANICAL DESIGN

Nornazira Suhairom, Nur Husna Abd Wahid, Salmalina Salleh, Mohamad Haris Idris, & Zurina Yasak

Pages: 58-76

The development of the MechyAR application is a new way of learning that is aimed at improving current learning. This application was created to make it easier for students to learn mechanical components by utilizing current technology. The primary objective of this study is to identify appropriate multimedia elements for use in the application development, to develop the application, and to test the functionality of the MechyAR application as a new virtual learning method that employs virtual technology. Questionnaires were distributed to Design and Technology subject teachers to identify appropriate multimedia elements to be used in application development. The data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 which are then used as a guide for the researcher to develop MechyAR application. The Prototype Development Model was used as a guide in developing and implementing the MechyAR application. This application was evaluated by experts based on their teaching experiences in the field of multimedia technology. From the findings, multimedia elements namely graphics, animation, video, and audio are important elements that need to be applied in the newly developed MechyAR application. Furthermore, experts agreed and supported the development of this application to be used as a new method of student learning for the Design and Technology subject, particularly the Mechanical Design topic. Overall, the application of mechanical learning characterized by Augmented Reality can be concluded to be functional and suitable for use as an initial exposure for student learning in academic secondary school.

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DIVISION OF RESEARCH MANAGEMENT AND LEARNING RESOURCES
UTM School of Professional and Continuing Education (UTMSPACE)
Level 4 and 5, Block T05,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,
81310 Skudai, Johor Malaysia.
Tel : 07-5318080
Email : bpsp@utmspace.edu.my